Bhutan is a landlocked country in South Asia. Located in the Eastern Himalayas, it is bordered by China in the north and India in the south. Bhutan is geopolitically in South Asia and is the region’s second least populous nation after the Maldives. Thimphu is its capital and largest city.
The independence of Bhutan has endured for centuries, and the territory was never colonized in its history. Situated on the ancient Silk Road between Tibet, the Bhutanese developed a distinct national identity based on Buddhism. Following a civil war in the 19th century, the House of Wangchuck reunited the country, jump forward to the 21st Century, in 2008, it transitioned from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy and held the first election to the National Assembly of Bhutan, that has a two party system characterizing Bhutanese democracy.